Acne is a very common skin condition that affects around 50 million Americans annually. There are several different potential causes for acne, and the type of treatment you need depends on the reason for the acne flare-up. While acne can be treated with over-the-counter cleansers, astringents, and topical medications, sometimes you need to seek professional treatment for acne. Here are the three most common causes of acne and when to seek treatment.
Excess Oil Production
Sometimes acne is caused by excess oil production in the skin. There is a natural oil called sebum that keeps the skin hydrated and supple. Yet when there is too much of this oil being produced, it can easily clog pores, causing acne. Typically there isn’t much that can be done about excess oil production, but topical treatments that keep oil under control and keep pores clean and unclogged are available.
Bacteria Build Up
Your pores can also become clogged by bacteria that can cause acne. If your pores are clogged with bacteria, it may be possible that you need an antibiotic topical or oral medication to rid your skin of the bacteria and allow it to heal.
Excess Activity of Androgens
Androgens are a type of hormone that the body produces naturally. If you have an excess of androgens, it can cause acne to develop. This is the most difficult type of acne to diagnose and treat, but some hormone therapies may be able to assist in addition to topical treatments.
If you have acne that is severe, leading to scarring, or doesn’t get better with home treatments, you should seek a professional diagnosis and treatment of your acne. It could be that you are using the wrong over-the-counter products because you do not know the cause of your acne. Contact us today for more information or to schedule your initial appointment.