Everything You Need to Know About Dry Skin and Moisturizers

The winter and early spring are the worst times of year for dry skin. You are not alone; it happens to everyone. Luckily, there are moisturizers that can keep your skin hydrated so that it does not become itchy or flaky. 

Skin becomes drier in the winter and early spring because you are spending more time in climate controlled areas. Climate controlled rooms and vehicles naturally have drier air. If you don’t have humidifiers in the areas you occupy both at work and at home, you will find that you have very dry skin by the end of the winter.

Moisturizers have one or a combination of three primary ingredients. The best moisturizers will have all three. Here are the three ingredients and what they do for your skin.

Occlusives

These moisturizers create a barrier over the skin’s surface to prevent transepidermal water loss. Transepidermal water loss occurs naturally throughout the day, but some factors such as low humidity can make the rate much faster than it should be.

Emollients

Emollients are moisturizers that penetrate deep into the layers of the skin to bind the proteins that help keep the skin’s cells together. This holds water deep within the skin to keep it hydrated for a longer period of time.

Humectants

These moisturizers bring moisture into the skin from the outside air. This increases the total amount of water that the skin can hold, making your skin better hydrated for a longer period of time.

If you use moisturizers such as these or ones that use a combination of the three and you still have severely dry skin, you should contact us for an appointment. It could be that your dry skin is actually a chronic skin condition that needs diagnosis and treatment.

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